Medications could help in reducing the symptoms of impulsivity, hyperactivity, and inattentiveness in children and adults who have Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), previously known as ADD. However, every medication comes with a risk of side effects – which are not the only possible options for treatment.
The first thing people need to understand is what the medications can and cannot do for treating ADHD. ADHD medications could help to improve the patient’s ability to concentrate, control impulses, plan, or follow through with tasks. However, using the medication would only improve the patient’s condition and not fix it permanently. Even after using the medicine, a child who has ADHD could face forgetfulness, emotional, and social problems, whereas adults could have distractibility, relationship difficulties, or disorganization. This is the reason why patients under treatment for ADHD need to include exercising in their daily routine.
Medications do not cure ADHD completely. They minimize the symptoms until the time medicines effect last. As soon as the effect ends, the symptoms start showing up again.
Stimulants are the most common type of medicines prescribed for treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Adderall, Ritalin, and Dexedrine are some medicines that belong to this drug category. Stimulants are a form of medication that works by increasing the levels of dopamine in the user’s brain. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter related to pleasure, attention, motivation, and movement. In the case of several patients who have ADHD, using stimulant medication boosts their focus and concentration and at the same time reduces impulsive behavior and hyperactivity.
Stimulants are available in both the short and long-acting doses where the short-acting stimulant hits the peak concentration level within a few hours of use and requires 2 to 3 times of daily use. While the long-acting stimulants are extended-release pills whose effect lasts for 8 to 12 hours and are used only once a day.